I run a CentOS mirror. Have for a couple years.
But I never stopped to see just how long it takes to start becoming a mirror.
In case you wanted to know, I created a quick DO VM and ran the rsync mirror job yesterday. The results? At ~2.5MB/s, it took just over 8 hours to download 79GB of CentOS repositories.
Results came from running:
time rsync -azHv --delete us-msync.centos.org::CentOS /root/centos
Of course, if you want to mirror it “for real”, you should use ‘q’ instead of ‘v’ as an argument for rsync, and you should give it a better path than /root/centos.
You should also setup a webserver to offer the media out to others.
Now you know. And knowing is half the battle.
To add to my tutorial collection, here’s how to setup EtherPad on CentOS 6 (x64). As in the IRC tutorial, I used a Digital Ocean VM for this 🙂
What is EtherPad? It’s an open-source collaborative text editor that works like Google Docs – ie, all editors/viewers can see changes from everyone else in realtime.
Here’s how I did it: (props to the EtherPad docs and this other tutorial on Node.js)
- acquire a CentOS server – I used Digital Ocean
- make sure you have enough swap space (if you use the smallest Digital Ocean “droplet”, you really need to give yourself 2-4G swap)
- dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=8192 count=524288
- mkswap swapfile
- swapon swapfile
- add this line to the end of your /etc/fstab:
- /swapfile swap swap defaults 0 0
- run the following as root:
- yum -y install gzip git-core curl python openssl-devel && yum groupinstall
- yum -y install screen gcc gcc-c++ make wget curl
- note – it’s not always called “gcc-c++”; make sure you use the correct package name for your platform
- you can find out the correct package name by doing a `yum provides */g++` search
- yum -y upgrade
- bring everything up to date – it’s equivalent to `yum -y update –obsoletes`
- adduser etherpad
- su – etherpad
- git clone git://github.com/ry/node.git
- cd node && ./configure && make && make install
- git clone git://github.com/ether/etherpad-lite.git
- cd etherpad-lite
- screen bin/run.sh
- load http://127.0.0.1:9001 in your browser (substitute the IP/DNS name of your server as appropriate – mine was http://220.127.116.11:9001)
- for maintenance purposes, you should also do a `git pull origin` for EtherPad periodically
Some notes on the above:
- if you already have swap space and/or don’t want to worry about it (though I recommend you do), you can skip it
- I’ve put the `-y` option after every `yum` call presuming you really mean to run it, and you don’t care about dependencies
- if you aren’t using a fresh server (EtherPad certainly doesn’t require it’s own), you may want to be a little more cautious about the `yum` commands 🙂
- you should create a start-up script to ensure EtherPad is running if you need to reboot
- the EtherPad docs have all kinds of further things you can do – this is just a “get it going and start using it” tutorial 🙂
I had need to automatically process emails to a specific address to pull attachments out, and this is how I did it:
$ yum install mpack
$ cat extract-attach.sh
rm -rf ~/attachtmp
mv ~/Maildir/new/* ~/attachtmp
rm -rf ~/attachtmp
$ crontab -l
*/5 * * * * ~/extract-attach.sh
Why, you may ask? Because I get a report a few times per day to the email address in question.
Note – this runs in my crontab every 5 minutes on a CentOS 6 x64 server; I’m sure the process is similar/identical on other distros, but I haven’t personally tried.
I wanted to try something different when playing with CentOS 6 recently, so I did a network install. Other than one very small detail, the install is identical to installing off a normal ISO.
Here’s the difference:
- use the netinstall.iso (eg http://centos.datente.com/media/6/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-netinstall.iso)
- when it asks for the URL to grab your image from, use something like http://centos.datente.com/media/6/os/x86_64 (make sure it’s the full path (this example is off my mirror for an x64 install))
- proceed as usual 🙂