antipaucity

fighting the lack of good ideas

an article in elon university’s school paper

This post is an extended response to Daniel Shutt’s “Something to think about before voting” [original: elon.edu/e-web/pendulum/Issues/2006/11_02/opinions/voting.xhtml]

I think it’s unfortunate that the College Republicans didn’t submit a response/rebuttal to your article in this week’s Pendulum – especially with Election Day occurring before the next issue of The Pendulum hitting the press. And though I am not a member of the organization, I wanted to take the time to respond to this article.

I’ll respond to the points you’ve made in the order you made them for ease of following my response.

1) “Soaring budget deficits and a scandalous national debt, thanks to out of control spending, corporate giveaways and pork barrel corruption”

You are correct in noting that budget deficits have increased since President Bush won the election in 2000. However, I believe you are not looking any further behind that election just to make your point. The economic slowdowns that became very obvious in 2001 were already starting in 2000 – while Clinton was still president. The projected budget surpluses made while Clinton was president were largely based off record dividends and capital gains taxes during the tech bubble of the 1990s. As the tech bubble began to burst in late 1999 into 2000 (especially as the Y2K bug came and went with barely a whisper), those projected federal revenues – all based off taxes paid by citizens and businesses – disappeared because no longer were capital gains soaring to record highs. Any time projections are made, they are, by definition, open to restatement – especially when the underlying conditions of the projection disappear.”Out of control spending” is not new to this Republican administration. Spending grew all through the 1990s at rates higher than inflation (except in defense spending, where cuts were actually made). Had September 11 not occurred, defense budgets would not have needed such drastic increases to improve security, equipment, and manpower. I would also take this opportunity to point out that Senator Ted Kennedy was the primary author of the “No Child Left Behind” education bill early in President Bush’s first term. That has been a huge spending debacle, that has not accomplished its goals, and doesn’t actually encourage better schooling, but rather teaching to the test.

2) “A culture of corruption and scandal, in which Washington spends more time protecting politicians than protecting the American people.”

Corruption seems to come with the job, and those who avoid it seem to be few and far between. Scandal is not new to this administration, either. President Clinton was caught perjuring himself under oath, but was ‘protected’ in the impeachment proceedings partially because he was charismatic, and partially, I think, because the Senate was more concerned over Al Gore becoming president than in leaving a felon in office. Additionally, the scandals appearing in the news have not only been in the Republican party – they cross political boundaries because people in positions of power and influence sometimes cave to pressure to accept bribes, like William Jefferson, or to exert their power over underlings, as in the case of Mark Foley. The cure to this is not to switch which party is in power – it is to really prosecute and punish those caught breaking the law.

3) “A failed strategy in Iraq, leading to the death of nearly 3,000 brave, American soldiers, and a less stable Middle East.”

Are you aware of the fact that the United States still has a very active military presence in South Korea? And it’s been over a half century since that war was over. Was the goal of removing a homicidal dictator from power misguided? Was freeing 26,000,000 people from a absolute dictatorship bad? Was giving them the chance to create their own country, without the constant fear of being taken to some prison camp or just killed in their homes because they disagreed with the powers that be wrong? It is an established fact that Saddam used weapons of mass destruction on the Kurds – people in his own country that he had killed just because they weren’t of his party’s religion.

Whether or not the intelligence reports regarding WMDs in Iraq before the war were correct, our strategy in the country has not failed. I think it would have been better to tell the country we were going to war with Iraq because they failed for years to comply with UN sanctions and to free the population from an egomaniacal leader. But what we went to do – free the people from Saddam Hussein’s rule – was laudable, and has been an overall success.

4) “The shameful mismanagement of FEMA and the destruction of New Orleans, a world-class American city.”

First, would you please tell me how the current Republican administration was responsible for “the destruction of New Orleans”? For years the Army Corps of Engineers tried to built-up the levees in New Orleans, but the money that was apportioned to the region was instead redirected by Mayor Nagin, and other politicians in the state.

Yes, FEMA was mismanaged, but FEMA’s job isn’t supposed to be to fully support those affected by natural disasters. FEMA is supposed to provide short-term relief and guidance until the local population, local politicians, and other relief organizations can take over. The real shame of hurricane Katrina and its aftermath in New Orleans and the surrounding areas wasn’t FEMA’s mismanagement – it was the refusal of the local political leaders to evacuate the city, and then the mass looting on the part of the population that didn’t leave. No, not all of the population participated in the looting, but enough of the locals did that it was prominently displayed on the national news.

The other shameful aspect of the hurricane’s after-effects was that most of the people living in the Gulf region didn’t have insurance that covered flooding. I went on a service trip to Kiln Mississippi in September, and the most striking thing that I noticed was that the residents didn’t have insurance, and that the only places fully back to normal were the casinos. Even though the houses of hundreds and thousands of people living nearby haven’t been touched – not just they haven’t been finished, but trees are still blocking the driveways, mud is still in the second floor, boats are still stuck in roofs. The casinos haven’t sponsored even token actions to help those affected by the hurricane. FEMA can’t possibly help all of the hundreds of thousands of people affected by the hurricane, but it’s not their mission. What’s sad is that those who are in the position of being able to help, even in small ways, aren’t – they’re expecting FEMA to do everything for them.

5) “Higher gas prices and an increased dependence on foreign oil.”

President Bush and Republican members of congress tried to authorize more domestic oil exploration in Alaska, off-shore in our territorial waters, etc, but every time the actions have been blocked by Democrats in congress. Gas prices in this area are around $2.10 per gallon. Yes, it’s a lot higher than when I moved down here 3 years ago to complete my bachelor’s degree at Elon when gas was around $1.35 per gallon. But considering that gas is only about 50% more expensive now, and the cost per barrel is more than triple, gas prices aren’t that high. At a constant 5% inflation rate, gas should cost about $1.56 per gallon now – only 33% lower than current prices.

6) “Slashed student loans and higher college tuition rates.”

First, let me point out that Republican leadership is not responsible for tuition hikes. Tuition rates are determined by the boards of the various schools – not by the President or Congress. If you’re upset about tuition hikes, talk to the school’s board – not the government. At a constant 5% inflation rate, tuition rates should be right where they are. Elon’s tuition has increased at an approximately uniform rate since I started, and it roughly matches that 5% rate.

I do disagree with the cutting of available funds for federal student loans, since I think that making money available for educational loans is a good investment. But funds weren’t cut just to save money or to screw students – there were also legitimate concerns over students graduating and defaulting on their loans, at which point the money loaned becomes money written-off, lost, wasted.

Moving on to your points about why Democrats should be put into power:

1) “A government as good as the people it serves.”

This is a great idea – unfortunately, no party can claim to be as good as the people they serve. Individual candidates, regardless of political affiliation stand or fall on their own merits and demerits. There are good candidates from all parties and there are bad candidates from all parties. The party shouldn’t be the deciding factor in whom you vote for – the candidate and their stated stands on the issues you care about should be the deciding factor.

The last time America wasn’t “ashamed of their government” was, well, I can’t think of a time. Maybe when George Washington was president – but I’m pretty sure there were a bunch of people around who wouldn’t have liked him had they known more about him. Not because he wasn’t a good or bad president, but because there is no one person who can possibly embody everything every individual wants in a leader.

A strong route to achieving this goal would be to impose terms limits – but those in power are not likely to self-limit their own power. Presidential term limits have helped to ensure that the head of the Executive branch of our government is changed at least every 8 years. Similar limits in Congress (perhaps 3 or 4 terms as a representative and 2 terms as a Senator) would help to encourage new people to try to get into politics and maybe give us a real chance for getting new blood and new ideas into office.

2) “Common sense, responsible spending and a reduced deficit.”

The deficit is going down with increased economic activity since increased economic activity directly means more tax revenues. I concur that spending needs to be curtailed. But I also believe that spending needs to be cut from programs we have now – there are far too many things the government is involved in that they have no business doing. But I don’t recall many politicians running campaigns in which they promised to cut programs, reducing spending, etc and actually getting elected. Politicians seem to think that the only way of getting elected (and reelected) is to “bring home the bacon” to his or her constituents by spending money in their home territories.

3) “Real national security.”

I hope that you are well-versed in security, understand policies, procedures, protocols, etc. A lot of what has been put in place in the name of “security” is really just a placebo – giving relative peace of mind without really doing anything to improve security: ID checks at the airport, the “no-fly list”, and the list goes on. Real security consists in training people to look for suspicious activity, combined with equipment to back-up those initial guesses. As an example, the people who hijacked airplanes on September 11 could have been stopped with [the now-installed] reinforced cockpit doors. They didn’t bring anything onboard the plane that was contraband or even really suspicious. ID checks don’t make us safer. It would be a lot easier for a terrorist to sit half a mile away from the runway with a small, shoulder-mount missile than it is to sneak onboard with a bomb, gun, or biological or chemical substance with the goal of hijacking the plane, spreading disease, or blowing the plane apart.

I hope that there are people elected to office who can both understand real security, and will have the guts to propose ways of implementing such security. But no political party has a monopoly on this issue, either. Unfortunately, politicians tend not to be well-versed in technical issues of any kind (recent comments about the internet being pipes or dump trucks come to mind), and are therefore, though in a position to perhaps improve security, don’t really, because they don’t understand it.

4) “Energy Independence.”

I addressed this above in part. Domestic oil exploration and production is important. Nuclear power plants would help alleviate dependence on oil. So, too, would more hydro plants, windmills, etc. It is also important for companies to start investing in alternative energy sources. Now that some forms of alternative energy production are becoming economically viable, they will show up in consumer products. Thus far, though, it seems like it’s more the Democratic party that has opposed domestic exploration, investment in nuclear power, etc.

5) “Fighting for the middle class. Democrats will make sure that America’s economy is working for everyone, not just the fat cats and CEOs. It’s time to give Americans a raise and increase the minimum wage so average people can pay their bills and achieve their dreams.”

I would venture to say here that you have never taken an economics class. Increasing the minimum wage sounds like a fantastic panacea: give those poor people working minimum wage jobs more money in their pockets right away. What it conveniently overlooks is that increasing the minimum wage means that employers have increased costs (those employees have to paid by someone), and to cover those increased costs they will have to find money somewhere. Either that means they will hire fewer people, or it means that they will raise prices on their products. If they hire fewer people, unemployment will go up. If they raise their prices, it means that that raise they were just forced to give will get wiped out by paying more for everyday products.

Another problem with raising the minimum wage is that it doesn’t just affect the employers and minimum wage earners. If I am making $7 per hour and minimum wage moves from $5.15 to $7.15, it’s not just the minimum wage earners that get a raise – I will get one too. But the fact that I was already making more than the minimum wage means that I will expect at least a dollar amount equivalent bump in my salary. I might expect a percentage alteration, but I will expect not just a $0.15 raise, rather I will expect another $1.85 on top of the $0.15. Guess what? If I get that equivalent raise also, it will increase the employer’s costs yet again.

I also ask who it is that provides jobs to workers? Is it not the CEOs that run companies that hire employees? Is it not those who are ‘rich’ who provide jobs for ‘everyone else’? Without CEOs and ‘fat cats’ people wouldn’t have jobs. Somebody has to provide working environments for people to work in. Someone has to run the businesses that provide products and services we want. And someone has to hire people to work for them. If those someones are forced to pay more to every employee just because some politician thought it was a good idea, and not because that employee is actually producing more and is valuable to the business, they’ll have less of an incentive to start new businesses, and will not be able to afford to hire as many employees.

6) “Accountability and honesty. Bush and Cheney need to get real with the American people and our soldiers about how they plan to win in Iraq.”

Again, I would point out that we still have military personnel in South Korea, Germany, Cuba, and many other international locations around the world. We have won in Iraq. The problems faced now are not against the government or its people, but are against terrorists who don’t want to see democracy installed in Iraq. We are facing an entirely different set of issues than we were when we went into Iraq, and those issues are being handled as well as can be expected. We have been training Iraqis to be police officers, soldiers, etc and are helping them to take control of their own country and helping them to fight back against those fanatics who are bombing civilians.

The problem in Iraq is that the Shiites, the Sunnis, and the Kurds all disagree with each other. Historically they have been fighting for hundreds of years, and facing their inbred hatred for each other is not a simple matter. There is no simple answer to different religious groups that hate each other and want each other to follow their exact religious form – and if they won’t to want to kill each other.

In short, the answer to government isn’t found in any one party. I am registered as ‘unaffiliated’ in North Carolina because I don’t like the majority of the Democratic party’s stances on issues; I also don’t like a lot of the Republican party’s stances on issues. I look at each race, and each candidate in the race, and pick the candidate who most closely represents my views, opinions, preferences, and stances and vote for that person.

I have voted for Democrat, Republican, Libertarian, Conservative, and Independence Party members. I concur that “America can do better”. I also think that the ability of America to “do better” doesn’t sit in the hands of any individual party. It doesn’t even sit in the hands of individual candidates. The ability of America to “do better” rests more in the hands of voters. Voters in this country have a nasty tendency of not showing up on Election Day.

If most or all of the registered voters in this country bothered to take a few minutes to look at the candidates and their stances on the issues they care about, and then showed up on Election Day, maybe we’d have a chance to improve the quality of our governmental population.

I also hope that since you seem to be concerned about this upcoming election that you take the time to look at every candidate from each party running for offices in your district and that you vote for the candidate who most lines up with your views on the issues you care about. I bet you’d be surprised to find out that they’re not all Democrats – just like I was surprised the first time I voted that voting ‘party line’ didn’t always mean that I was voting for the person who was really the best choice based on my views.

it’s not my problem

Security, air quality, water potability, land use, and the list goes on and on. When any one thing is too big to be one person’s problem, it becomes a problem for the populace, and once it’s everyone’s problem, it’s no one’s problem.

Securing airports is too complicated for one person to do, so a committee tries to do it, and we get security theater (to quote Bruce Schneier). Security should be everyone’s concern, and though it appears to be, we relegate it off to some government agency to handle for us. And then, when they do stupid stuff, we bitch and moan, or just suffer in silence, or sometimes we cheer because we don’t know any better.

Voting is not any one person’s problem – it’s an issue which every registered voter in America should have high on their priority list to do every year. I will be going to the polls in Mebane NC on 7 Nov 2006 to vote. Because if I vote, I exercise my right to have a say in how my government works. Those citizens who elect to not go to the polls to vote lose their chance to have a say in their government. If you don’t vote, you relegate your thoughts, opinions, judgments, and preferences off onto other people who, by definition of ‘opinion’ and ‘preference’, will not always think and act like you.

People who don’t vote are like people who toss candy wrappers out the windows of their cars on the highway. They figure a wrapper or two, here and there won’t affect anyone. And they’re right – to a point. A handful of candy wrappers, cigarette butts, and napkins won’t affect anyone. But it’s not just the candy wrapper they chuck out the window, it the other 14 million drivers who think the same way, and then bitch and moan over how gross the highways look.

Voting and being disappointed with the results does allow you to complain about the outcome – at least you threw your ballot and tried to make your preference win. But if you don’t vote, you can’t complain about the outcome because you didn’t get off your lazy butt and go to the polls. In fact, you don’t even have to get off your lazy butt to vote – you can request an absentee ballot, and vote by mail.

I think we should adopt a policy in this country similar to the one the Australians use – voting should be required if you are registered. Australia consistently has >90% voter turn-out. They fine people who don’t vote.

A lot of people in America are unhappy with their government officials, but an awful lot of them won’t show up on Election Day to try to change the situation. I don’t actually care whether you are a Republican, Democrat, Libertarian, Socialist, Communist, Green, or Independence party member. I don’t care if you’re affiliated with a political party – if you’re an adult in the United States and you’re registered to vote, you should be at the polls on Election Day.

Voting is a privilege in America that many nations’ citizens do not have. Don’t squander your advantage. Unless, of course, you’re content to let other people determine your nation’s course.

is plagiarism really so bad?

There has been a lot of talk recently about the huge issue of plagiarism among students. Ars Technica had an article about it on 20 October [arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20061020-8041.html]. I have also heard the issue discussed on radio talk shows, and been lectured on the consequences of being caught plagiarizing by almost every professor I’ve ever had.

The problem of plagiarism, though, is not new – it’s just easy now. With millions of articles, essays, and papers on thousands of topics just available for the snagging online, it’s not really a surprise that more and more students are engaging in this form of cheating. It’s also not a surprise that teachers are catching these acts of defiance more and more readily. Back in the good ol’ days, when to plagiarize you needed to copy by hand from a printed text without citing it, it was at least a time-consuming process. But no more. Now, it’s as easy as selecting the chunk of the paper you want, and copy-pasting it into your own document. Maybe you’re even nice and do a little bit of paraphrasing so it’s harder to distinguish from your own real writing, but it’s still cheating.

I’m going to wax a little preachy here, but the benefits of plagiarism are only very short-lived. Sure, if you don’t get caught, you get a decent grade. But graduating on lies won’t help you in the real world. Unless you’re planning to do something that requires no honesty, like being a drug dealer, or already have more money than you’ll ever need (there’d be a nice problem), you’re going to get caught. You might make it all the way through school and the early days of your job without anyone noticing, but eventually someone’s gonna realize you can’t do what your grades led them to believe you could.

I had a student once plagiarize my work in a programming class in NY. My professor came up to me after he handed the assignments back and told me what happened – someone copied what I had done and submitted it as their own work. What got them caught was that they forgot to change the ‘written by’ comment I had in the program (none too clever on their part), and my professor gave them a 0 on the assignment. His typical policy was to take the number of identical submissions and divide the grade by the number of identical submissions, and give that grade to each submitter. This gave an incentive to both the cheater and the cheatee (or sometimes the cheaters) to not cheat because all the grades would be affected.

Thankfully, I’ve never had a legitimate temptation to cheat on a test, paper, or project. Most of the time it was because I knew the material better than the other students, so cheating wouldn’t help. Other times it was because there were too few people in the class. But mostly it’s because there’s no substitute for real work.

follow the dollars

I came across this research project today, and though I don’t normally post multiple times in a day, you might find this interesting: Follow the Dollars. What I’ve found so far is that while Democrats seem to make up the majority of zip codes I have lived in, they do not donate to their party as heavily as Republicans. And from where I’ve lived, it’s not because Republicans are richer – if anything, it the exact opposite: Democrats tend to be better-off financially than Republicans in the areas I’ve lived. Maybe they just don’t care.

here and now – monopoly updated: follow-up

It’s finally been released, and I had a chance to play the new game with some friends recently who bought a copy. Following-up from my previous post, thankfully the publishers didn’t totally bork the game. The balance of the game is still good because all they did to update to ‘here and now’ was to multiply all of the dollar values by 10,000. That’s right – ‘Boardwalk’ (now Fenway Park) costs $4,000,000 not $400. All of the railroads have been swapped for airports, and the utilities include an ISP and no Water Works.

Playing that game was fun – and not just because I owned over half the property within 45 minutes 🙂 (in a four-player game!). It was fun because the game is still the same – the values are just larger, and the properties more representative of the US as a whole.

And just in case you thought politics really was honorable, you can now buy the White House.

authority issues online

Ars Technica had an article recently [arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20061020-8041.html] discussing the prevalent issue of plagiarism amongst students, especially those in college. And a question was raised concerning authority in electronic resources. This is an issue I have had to deal with in the past, though I have found it somewhat amusing to hear teachers discuss authority in documentation – because I grew up just enough before the electronic era to think first in terms of paper and bound materials and how to judge their quality.

The prime example teachers use is that you can’t quote the encyclopedia as a scholarly source – it’s merely a handy compendium of scads of information, but is not, in and of itself, scholarly. The real scholarly sources are found in places like the Association for Computing Machinery‘s Communications, or the American Psychological Association‘s journals. Publishings that take a great deal of time to verify that not only are the materials published of good quality, but that articles discussing research are properly cited and documented.

I had a paper to write several years ago on comparing AMD’s x86-64 architecture and Intel’s IA32 architecture for the companies’ CPUs. Sources like Tom’s Hardware Guide were helpful to see real-world comparisons between the competing products, but the true sources of authority on the products were AMD and Intel themselves. I printed large chunks of the manufacturer’s technical documentation to backup conclusions I made in my paper.

Similarly, citing a post-graduate research paper on caching techniques is substantially more authoritative than citing Billy Bob’s Blog where he rambles-on about how that 64K L1 cahce on his processor is better than the 128K on yours because he’s really just a fanboy. Authoritative sources, generally found on .edu, .gov, and .org domains, though .com domains can be also, are hard to find because there is too much of a noise-to-signal ratio overall on the internet.

The biggest boon to the internet is also, perhaps, its greatest drawback: anyone – anywhere, anytime – can write anything they want on any subject; they can write on any subject even when they don’t know anything about it, or refuse to come to a rational conclusion from the available evidence. I love to hear people’s opinions a lot of the time – it’s the beauty of a free society that we can have differences of opinion. However, backing-up an opinion with data is far more impressive than just having an opinion.

I have an opinion on lots of things that I don’t necessarily share with lots of people because I can’t back-up those opinions with evidence of any kind – they’re sometimes just personal preferences without any specific reason.

However, I also have opinions on topics that I do share with lots of people because I can support my opinions and conclusions with data. Whether or not you come to the same conclusion I do is irrelevant, too – so long as I present the data to you for your consideration. In fact, some of the time I would argue that divergent conclusions can be drawn from the same data. I have, on occasion, done exactly that, too. When the available data doesn’t preclude one conclusion, or demonstrably favor one over another, I have sometimes made multiple conclusions in essays because picking one over the other wasn’t an honest treatment of the data.

I’ve strayed from my main thesis, so let me sum it up. Authority of sources isn’t assured by just one factor – author, publisher, host, length, etc – but rather by directly linking to the data used to produce the conclusions made by that source. No resource stands on its own as an authority on any topic. In order to establish credibility, any resouce must cite where their data came from – either through some kind of bibliography in the case of a paper, or experimental results, or that the resource is maintained by the people who designed and built what they’re writing about.

I wouldn’t place much faith in a rant against Ford by someone who has never driven or ridden in one since they have no data to back up their claims; though I might accept some of their claims if they were based on other people’s experiences.

The real question becomes, in my mind at least, how can authority be determined? After all, I could write some essay, link to a bunch of sources, and then others could use my paper as a scholarly source. But all of my sources could be unreliable opinions written by people who also just want to become known as authoritative sources.

I think the real means of determining authority needs to come down to the following factors: 1) is the article written in an intelligent form? 2) are the sources cited of an authoritative nature? 3) has the author written anything previously that can be considered authoritative? and 4) would someone who is a known expert in the field (perhaps a professor of the topic) agree that the source is not some crackpot?

Anyone who wishes to be taken seriously needs to be able to write in an intelligent manner. That doesn’t necessarily mean that what they write needs to be constructed only for others in the field to understand, nor does it mean that they have to express their expansive vocabulary and write in a convoluted fashion to be intelligent. Textbooks designed for 1st graders aren’t written in a complex form, but are intelligent – they speak to their audience at a level their audience can understand.

If the author has written other articles previously, it can help to read – or at least skim – his other writings to see if they’re also written in an intelligent fashion.

If the author is writing about something that someone you know has experience in (perhaps even yourself), would they agree with your conclusion that the author is worth-while to cite?

If you noticed, I skipped #2 on my list because it seems to create a recursive descent into determining the authority of the source at hand. Well, it does, but only initially. For example, if you have never read anything about security, you might start with David Kahn’s The Codebreakers. And then you’d look at the bibliography to see where he got his data from to write his book. After a cursory examination of his bibliography, and especially after reading the book, you’d have a good idea of where to look for other good authors on the topic of security. Bruce Schneier would pop up in your search. As would authors like Kevin Mitnick. Establishing authority based on cited sources is a skill that you can learn; probably you can learn it very quickly.

Learning to cite authoritative sources, and to skip those that aren’t is a time-consuming process early-on, especially for people who were never taught at a young age to use ‘real’ sources from the library, but have always relied on Google. Search engines are great tools, but like any tool, they require skill and proficiency to use well. When I write research-driven articles, I use Google a lot – but I also know how to filter my searches to get to good sources (at least, a higher probability of being good) quickly from using the tool frequently.

However, I also know when I’m hitting a brick wall and I need to go to the library to find what I need. And I’m not too proud to admit when I need help finding that elusive authority to draw from.

other drivers suck

I went to upstate NY for my fall break this past weekend. The trip up was great – until I got about 5 minutes from my parents’ house when a dumptruck driver decided he didn’t like Mazda Proteges and just changed lanes whilst I was next to him. Fortunately I-787 has fairly decent shoulders there, and I could avoid him. But what a jerk.

All through my stay in NY, and the first leg of my return to NC via NJ was good driving. But I got stuck for about 3 hours in traffic due to 4 crashes on I-81. My budgeted delays for construction of 20-30 minutes turned into just 5, but the crashes held me up for a disturbingly long time. All in all, they pushed my return time to NC to 2a Wednesday rather than about 2230 or 2300 Tuesday.

I’ve decided that other drivers need to be taken off the road. If you can’t look before changing lanes – and especially when you can’t use a turn signal, you should have your license revoked. If you do look and just miss somebody, you need better mirrors.

But the idiots who decide that watching the aftermath of a crash means that you need to slow down to 5 miles per hour, and – oh heaven forbid – not switching lanes until you’re at the crash are morons and need to be taken off the road.

Ahh. That feels better. Rant over.